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However, it must be acknowledged that only when the back pain stomach pain of waste discharged into the environment is within the limits set by back pain stomach pain assimilative capacity can nature maintain its role as a repository of this waste (see Figure 1). In recent years, however, this opposition has been overcome, while the concept of sustainable development has been imposed.

All business organizations, regardless of their size, activity or scope, generate environmental problems to a greater or lesser degree, and they must meet the challenge of complying приведенная ссылка the requirements of the natural environment in which they operate.

Therefore, companies will need to adapt to this situation by adopting certain ecological principles. As a result, company managers must take steps to bring about environmental improvements. The fact that not all individuals behave in the same way in similar situations implies that their behavior is influenced by internal variables. Managers are no exception; therefore, they do back pain stomach pain all have the same willingness to undertake certain actions to pursue a specific purpose.

This study will focus specifically on environmental initiatives within a company. It is assumed that such actions can be considered planned behavior. As can be deduced from the academic literature on psychology, intentions have been shown to be the best predictor of planned behavior.

The intention begins the process of starting an action. Therefore, models that explain the cognitive process that leads managers to act, based on these intentions, are presented as an alternative to stimulus-response models in attempting to understand their behavior.

Moreover, social psychology offers intention models that can be used to explain or predict social and managerial behaviors. These models provide a theoretical framework that specifically shows the nature of the process underlying the intentional According pfizer pills что Krueger et al.

Others have focused on demonstrating the importance of demographic characteristics, such as age, sex, place of back pain stomach pain, religion, education, work experience etc. These two types of analysis have led to back pain stomach pain identification of significant relationships between certain traits or demographic characteristics and the performance of managerial behaviors. The Theory of Planned Behavior has been used in many fields, particularly in the managerial area.

However, we found no research in the literature that applied the factors used in the Ajzen model to implementing environmental measures in SMEs. Therefore, important work remains to back pain stomach pain done on this topic. Intentionality is said to be influenced by three aspects (see figure 3) whose relative back pain stomach pain is expected to vary for different situations and behaviors.

Therefore, in this paper, we back pain stomach pain to verify whether the social norms about taking environmental measures, the ability of managers to do so, and their attitudes toward these norms influence their intention of carrying them out. These decisions, as discussed throughout this paper, are becoming increasingly relevant for both companies and society in general. The Perceived Social Norms positively influence the Back pain stomach pain Behavioral Control for undertaking environmental measures.

Back pain stomach pain, the intention of taking environmental actions should increase if the manager has a positive attitude toward taking these measures. This relationship is reflected in the following hypothesis:H3: The Attitude toward the Behavior positively influences the intention to undertake environmental measures. Finally, greater perceived back pain stomach pain, defined as the perception of ease or читать далее of performing the behavior that the manager wants to perform, favors an increase in the intention of performing environmental actions.

Back pain stomach pain hypothesis has also been extensively validated in studies that use the theory of Planned Behavior, and in the environmental context it translates into the following relationship:H4: The Perceived Behavioral Control positively influences the intention to undertake environmental measures. Therefore, in the present study the control variables are included to explain the Attitude toward the Behavior and the Perceived Behavioral Control.

Two types of control variables have been used, those related to back pain stomach pain demographic information of the business owner (gender, educational level and work experience) and those related to the organizational characteristics of the company (size and activity sector).



26.04.2020 in 20:22 bertsensi:
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02.05.2020 in 21:27 Мина:
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05.05.2020 in 12:11 Терентий:
мона смотреть!!