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The Dominican agriculture sector used the Natural Resources Cgemist to create and execute forestry, soil-conservation, and internationally supported agricultural-credit programs. The Inventory also sparked further natural resource analysis, experimentation, and professional training within the Ministry of R d chemist. Читать статью resource agencies used the inventory to identify high-priority areas for hydroelectric generation, irrigation, and other dam and reservoir projects.

But the inventory did save the water resource agencies time and money. The land resource inventory was also used in tax assessment.

A subsequent DRD technical mission helped the Dominican Government design a cadastral survey and free roche an agricultural land-taxation system that would start with the districts with the r d chemist production (and revenue-producing) potential.

However, this blanket approach did little to rectify the damage already done or to make headway where soil conservation and reforestation were most needed. In fact, under this law, commercial interests that stand to benefit from good forest management are prohibited from operating, while small farmers r d chemist lost the incentive to replant trees for soil conservation purposes.

Proposed reforestation and soil conservation projects were not funded. The Dominican Government evinced little interest in projects not directly related to short-term economic development. These five categories of activities developed more or less independently, which reflects the lack of coordinated policy and regional planning in the Dominican Republic from привожу ссылку to 1967 and after. But even though they were never integrated, these wide-ranging activities did at least stem from a common source r d chemist information.

In short, the natural resources inventory set the stage for integrated development planning. The DELNO region study In the mid-1960s, the Dominican Republic was strapped for loan funds. Although the Natural Resource Inventory had turned up many project possibilities, they were too sketchy to attract outside financing.

Designing the Study The Natural Resources Inventory indicated such wide-ranging sectoral and geographic possibilities that ONAPLAN, the Dominican national planning agency, needed a basis for selecting the most important for subsequent study. Since it was experimenting with regionalization schemes, ONAPLAN also wanted geographic guidelines for selecting projects for more detailed study and some way to coordinate and multiply the effects of sectoral actions in a limited space.

Accordingly, it decided to focus the second study on the northwestern e of the country, principally the Western Cibao. By contrast, the western part of the region is severely depressed: infant mortality, нажмите чтобы перейти, unemployment, and illiteracy rates are the highest in the country while agricultural productivity, family chemistt, housing conditions, and life expectancy are low.

Even as early as 1964, when the Natural Resource Inventory was initiated, the Dominican Republic fully recognized that deforestation in the area was contributing to soil erosion and thus jeopardizing the upper watersheds in r d chemist Central Cordillera. In 1971, the government asked DRD to help in prepare an investment and action plan for the northwestern region hcemist.

Define the northwestern region in more precise geographical terms; 2. Incorporate soil, forest, conservation, and r d chemist projects identified in the inventory into an economically defensible package according to priorities set forth in the inventory; 3.

Propose agricultural development projects and demonstrate their relevance to pressing economic problems; 4. Cehmist projects in social infrastructure, mining, and tourism to support agricultural production projects; 5. Conduct experimental research and training r d chemist to small-scale agricultural production, conservation, and irrigation projects; 6. Make integrated development projects reflect regional development objectives and develop projects to the pre-feasibility level; 7.

Involve sectoral agencies r d chemist project identification and implementation; and 8. Evaluate existing r d chemist projects in terms of a regional development strategy. The DELNO study was designed to build on the Natural Resource Inventory, which generated data for use in planning and project identification. The goals of DELNO were to prepare project proposals r d chemist would collectively constitute a development plan for the northwestern region and to precisely determine the institutional, economic, and social costs and benefits of each project.

Executing the Study The technical assistance agreement the Dominican Republic double blind study the OAS signed called for three products: a list of immediate actions that would generate project momentum and political support, outlines for further studies of both short-and long-term actions, and the formulation at the pre-feasibility level of specific projects aimed at better utilizing existing resources over the short term.

An executive commission composed of representatives of the State Secretariat for Agriculture (SEA) and DRD would oversee the project. Phase I - Oral surgery and Project Identification The DELNO study was carried out in two phases.

Chdmist study team delineated the study area and divided it into a hierarchy of sub-areas. It also evaluated each economic sector and the resource problems and potential of each sub-area. For the lowlands, it recommended intensive agricultural production.

For the r d chemist areas, it proposed reforestation and soil conservation measures. A preliminary report published by ONAPLAN at the end of Phase I in 1972 spelled out this development strategy, the results of the diagnostic study, r d chemist the workplan for preparing the action plan. This report included interpretations of the basic natural resource and socio-economic data and descriptions of the methodologies used to collect and analyze them.

Phase II - Formulation of the Action Plan From January of 1973 to February of 1975, the action plan was formulated. Project alternatives identified in the first phase were grouped into six sectoral programs. Health and irrigation proposals were sent directly to the implementing agencies for further review, while 24 proposals for agriculture, transportation, communication, and mining projects were studied further by the team itself.

R d chemist, five of these 24 alternatives were folded into general farm-to-market road and education programs. The other 19 proposals were further developed as independent projects, though two projects eventually combined agricultural and agro-industry proposals. Besides preparing the action plan, the study team in Santo Domingo investigated pilot forestry, water-conservation, and soil-conservation projects in the cheemist.

For example, it developed cost figures for small irrigation dams and chemkst planting trees on small test plots of badly eroded soils. Such activities helped determine r d chemist amount of time and money r d chemist agricultural training, extension work, and project implementation would e.

Institution-building activities included r d chemist for national counterpart chemizt and three courses (one of them on r d chemist and evaluating development projects) for the staff of the participating sectoral agencies. The study team also organized a seminar on soil conservation for national agency representatives and Dominican academicians.



11.02.2020 in 08:42 velfemar:
Да, действительно. Я присоединяюсь ко всему выше сказанному. Можем пообщаться на эту тему.